It is a long slow scam as the con artists try and build the trust of the male victim. It can take weeks or months. The woman will have daily contact with the man via texts, email and telephone over weeks or even months. The contact is always through email, telephone and text messages.
They often send a photo of a pretty not too beautiful to create suspicion girl, taken from the web. It is important to remember that the scammers often take these photos from different sources including dating sites, Facebook, blogs — the people in the photos themselves are innocent. The family member of the girl might get suddenly critically sick the scenario our private investigators most often hear is the mother has some terrible illness and she needs money to help.
Sometimes the scam may stop there and in that case you might count yourself lucky. Our private investigators have known some extreme cases where the scam seems non-ending and the man loses thousands of dollars. She asks for money to for a visa, then money for the trip for the visa interview. She then asks for a bank deposit which is needed to show that she can support herself in the receiving country. The girl will even show her you copies of her ID, passport and of the visa she obtained. Money is often sent to the woman through Western Union.
This provides no security to the sending party and no way to stop or reverse a payment and no way to identify the recipient, as they use a fake ID to pick up the money. She then asks for the man for money to buy a plane ticket. Or if the con artists are really sophisticated they may even go through a travel agency, which they create themselves.
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So by now lots of money has been passed to the girl. The problem is these con artists want more and more. They will keep pushing as far as they can. When the woman is due to travel, she calls and says that she has been detained at the Jakarta airport, usually for an immigration related issue, or because she was under contract to work as a domestic servant and is trying to leave before the contract expires. Sailors know, as exciting and unique adventures at sea may be, they are worthless without the port to talk about them.
We always work reliably and disciplined to find the perfect partner for you. We attach the greatest importance to satisfied and happy clients who embark with zeal on a new voyage. The decisive element is still missing? This is what awaits you: After , Indonesia became more common in academic circles outside the Netherlands, and native nationalist groups adopted it for political expression. The first native scholar to use the name was Ki Hajar Dewantara , when in he established a press bureau in the Netherlands, Indonesisch Pers-bureau.
Fossils and the remains of tools show that the Indonesian archipelago was inhabited by Homo erectus , known as " Java Man ", between 1.
They arrived around 4, years ago, and as they spread through the archipelago, confined the indigenous Melanesians to the far eastern regions. The archipelago's strategic sea-lane position fostered inter-island and international trade, including links with Indian kingdoms and Chinese dynasties, which were established several centuries BCE. From the 7th century CE, the powerful Srivijaya naval kingdom flourished as a result of trade and the influences of Hinduism and Buddhism that were imported with it.
This period marked a renaissance of Hindu- Buddhist art in ancient Java. In western Java, Sunda Kingdom was re-established circa according to Sanghyang Tapak inscription. In Bali , the Warmadewas established their rule in the 10th century. The Hindu Majapahit kingdom was founded in eastern Java in the late 13th century, and under Gajah Mada , its influence stretched over much of present-day Indonesia. The earliest evidence of Muslim population in the archipelago dates to the 13th century in northern Sumatra, although Muslim traders first traveled through Southeast Asia early in the Islamic era.
For the most part, Islam overlaid and mixed with existing cultural and religious influences, which shaped the predominant form of Islam in Indonesia, particularly in Java. For almost years, the company was the dominant European power in the archipelago. Since the VOC's establishment, the expansion of Dutch territory had primarily been motivated by trade. In , the Netherlands introduced the Dutch Ethical Policy that was aimed at improving living conditions and welfare, expanding education to native peoples,  and preparing the archipelago for self-government under Dutch control.
A later United Nations report stated that the Japanese occupation resulted in a total of 4 million deaths. Just two days after the surrender of Japan , Sukarno and Hatta proclaimed Indonesian independence on 17 August ,   and were selected as the country's first President and Vice President respectively. The Netherlands attempted to re-establish their rule, and an armed and diplomatic struggle ensued.
In December , the Dutch formally recognised Indonesian independence in the face of international pressure,  with the exception of the Netherlands New Guinea , which was later incorporated into Indonesia following the New York Agreement and the disputed referendum that led to the ongoing Papua conflict. In the late s, Sukarno moved Indonesia from democracy towards authoritarianism, and maintained his power base by balancing the opposing forces of the military and the Communist Party of Indonesia Partai Komunis Indonesia , PKI.
His New Order administration  was supported by the United States,    and encouraged foreign direct investment ,   which was a major factor in the subsequent three decades of substantial economic growth. However, his administration was widely accused of corruption and suppression of political opposition. Indonesia was the country hardest hit by the Asian financial crisis.
Although relations among different religious and ethnic groups are largely harmonious, sectarian discontent and violence have persisted. Indonesia's largest rivers are in Kalimantan and New Guinea , and include Kapuas , Barito , Mamberamo , Sepik and Mahakam ; such rivers are communication and transport links between the island's river settlements.
Lying along the equator , Indonesia's climate tends to be relatively even year-round. However, cooler climate types do exist in mountainous regions of Indonesia 1, to 1, metres 4, to 4, feet above sea level. Some regions, such as Kalimantan and Sumatra , experience only slight differences in rainfall and temperature between the seasons, whereas others, such as Nusa Tenggara, experience far more pronounced differences with droughts in the dry season, and floods in the wet.
Parts of Sulawesi and some islands closer to Australia, such as Sumba are drier. Winds are moderate and generally predictable, with monsoons usually blowing in from the south and east in June through October, and from the northwest in November through March.
Typhoons and large scale storms pose little hazard to mariners in Indonesian waters; the major danger comes from swift currents in channels, such as the Lombok and Sape straits. Tectonically , Indonesia is highly unstable, making it a site of numerous volcanoes and frequent earthquakes. While volcanic ash has resulted in fertile soils a factor in historically sustaining high population densities of Java and Bali ,  it makes agricultural conditions unpredictable in some areas. It is believed to have caused a global volcanic winter and cooling of the climate, and subsequently led to a genetic bottleneck in human evolution, though this is still debated.
The former resulted in 92, deaths and created an umbrella of volcanic ash which spread and blanketed parts of the archipelago, and made much of Northern Hemisphere without summer in Significant additional effects were also felt around the world years after the eruption. Indonesia's size, tropical climate, and archipelagic geography support a high level of biodiversity.
Large species such as the Sumatran tiger , rhinoceros, orangutan, Asian elephant , and leopard, were once abundant as far east as Bali, but numbers and distribution have dwindled drastically. Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara, and Maluku — having been long separated from the continental landmasses—have developed their own unique flora and fauna.
The country has a range of sea and coastal ecosystems, including beaches , sand dunes, estuaries, mangroves, coral reefs, seagrass beds, coastal mudflats, tidal flats, algal beds, and small island ecosystems. British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace described a dividing line Wallace Line between the distribution of Indonesia's Asian and Australasian species. Flora and fauna on the west of the line are more Asian, while east from Lombok they are increasingly Australian until the tipping point at the Weber Line.
In his book, The Malay Archipelago , Wallace described numerous species unique to the area. Indonesia's large and growing population, and rapid industrialisation, present serious environmental issues. They are often given a lower priority due to high poverty levels and weak, under-resourced governance. The report also indicates that Indonesia's performance is among the lowest in the Asia-Pacific region. Much of Indonesia's deforestation is caused by the expansion of palm oil industry that requires land reallocation as well as changes to the natural ecosystems.
Indonesia is considered at serious risk from projected effects of climate change. Indonesia is a republic with a presidential system. As a unitary state, power is concentrated in the central government. Following the fall of New Order in , political and governmental structures have undergone major reforms, with four constitutional amendments revamping the executive, legislative and judicial branches. The president appoints a council of ministers, who are not required to be elected members of the legislature.
The president may serve a maximum of two consecutive five-year terms. Its main functions are supporting and amending the constitution, inaugurating and impeaching the president,   and formalising broad outlines of state policy. Reforms since have markedly increased its role in national governance,  while the DPD is a new chamber for matters of regional management. The Supreme Court of Indonesia Mahkamah Agung is the country's highest court, and hears final cessation appeals and conducts case reviews.
Other courts include the Commercial Court, which handles bankruptcy and insolvency; the State Administrative Court Pengadilan Tata Negara to hear administrative law cases against the government; the Constitutional Court Mahkamah Konstitusi to hear disputes concerning legality of law, general elections, dissolution of political parties, and the scope of authority of state institutions; and the Religious Court Pengadilan Agama to deal with codified Islamic Law sharia cases.
Since , Indonesia has had a multi-party system.
In all legislative elections since the fall of New Order , no political party has managed to win an overall majority of seats. Based on the elections, the DPR consists of 10 political parties, with a parliamentary threshold of 3. At the national level, Indonesians did not elect a president until Since then, the president is elected for a five-year term, as are the party-aligned members of the DPR and the non-partisan DPD.
Indonesia consists of 34 provinces, five of which have special status. These are further subdivided into districts kecamatan or distrik in Papua , and again into administrative villages either desa , kelurahan , kampung , nagari in West Sumatra, or gampong in Aceh. This number has evolved over time, the most recent change being the split of North Kalimantan from East Kalimantan in October The village is the lowest level of government administration. Furthermore, it is divided into several community groups rukun warga , RW which are further divided into neighbourhood groups rukun tetangga , RT.
In Java, the village desa is divided into smaller units called dusun or dukuh hamlets , which are the same as RW. Following the implementation of regional autonomy measures in , regencies and cities have become key administrative units, responsible for providing most government services. The village administration level is the most influential on a citizen's daily life and handles matters of a village or neighbourhood through an elected village chief lurah or kepala desa.
Aceh , Jakarta , Yogyakarta , Papua , and West Papua have greater legislative privileges and a higher degree of autonomy from the central government than the other provinces. Aceh has the right to create certain elements of an independent legal system and several regional parties participate only in elections within the province. Indonesia currently maintains diplomatic missions abroad, including 95 embassies.
It does, however, maintain quiet relations with Israel, particularly in trade, tourism and security. It marked the first time in UN history that a member state had attempted a withdrawal. Defense spending in the national budget was 0. As a result of this, and the need to maintain internal security, all branches of the TNI have been organised along territorial lines, aimed at defeating internal enemies and potential external invaders.
Following political reforms in , the TNI's formal representation in parliament was removed. Nevertheless, its political influence remains, albeit at a reduced level. Since independence, the country has struggled to maintain unity against local insurgencies and separatist movements. Indonesia has a mixed economy in which both the private sector and government play significant roles.
Over time, the structure of the economy has changed considerably. The growth, however, ended with the Asian financial crisis , which severely affected Indonesia both economically and politically. It caused a real GDP contraction by The economy reached its low point in mid with only 0. Recent strong economic growth has been accompanied by relatively steady inflation,  and an increase in GDP deflator and Consumer Price Index. In , the country regained the investment grade rating it had lost in Though Indonesia ran a trade surplus from to , during the last few years exports and imports have decreased at an annual rate of 3 to 4.
Indonesia's transport system has been shaped over time by the economic resource base of an archipelago, and the distribution of its million people highly concentrated on Java. In , the transport sector generated about 5. The road transport system is predominant, with a total length of , kilometres , miles as of [update]. Most of Indonesia's railways are located in Java, used for both passenger and freight transport.
The inter-city rail network is complemented by local commuter rail services in Greater Jakarta , Surabaya and Bandung. Mass rapid transit and light rail transit systems are currently under construction in Jakarta and Palembang,   and a plan to build a high-speed rail was announced in , the first in Southeast Asia. Indonesia's largest airport, Soekarno—Hatta International Airport is the busiest in the Southern Hemisphere , serving 63 million passengers in Garuda Indonesia , the country's flag carrier since , is one of the world's leading airlines and a member of the global airline alliance SkyTeam.
In , Indonesia was the world's 9th largest energy producer with Jatiluhur Dam , the country's largest dam, serves several purposes including the provision of hydroelectric power generation, water supply, flood control, irrigation and aquaculture. Indonesia's expenditure on science and technology is relatively low, at less than 0. However, there are several examples of notable scientific and technological developments by Indonesians.
Living in agrarian and maritime culture, they have been famous in some traditional technologies. In the former, as with other nations in Southeast Asia, they are famous in paddy cultivation technique, terasering.
kinun-houju.com/wp-content/garizima/1244.php Bugis and Makassar people are well known in the latter, making wooden sailing vessel called pinisi boats. It later became widely used in several countries. Indonesia has a long history in developing military and small commuter aircraft as the only country in Southeast Asia to produce and develop its own aircraft.
With state-owned aircraft company, the Indonesian Aerospace PT. Habibie played an important role in this achievement. In the s, Indonesia became the first developing country to operate its own satellite system called Palapa. Since January , Wonderful Indonesia has been the slogan of an international marketing campaign directed by the Ministry of Tourism to promote tourism. Nature and culture are major attractions of Indonesian tourism. The former can boast a unique combination of tropical climate, vast archipelago and long stretch of beaches, and are complemented by a rich cultural heritage that reflects Indonesia's dynamic history and ethnic diversity.
Forests on Sumatra and Kalimantan are examples of popular destinations, such as the Orangutan wildlife reserve. The ancient Prambanan and Borobudur temples, Toraja and Bali , with its Hindu festivities, are some of the popular destinations for cultural tourism. Other activities include visiting museums, churches, forts and historical colonial buildings, as well as spending some nights in colonial heritage hotels.
The popular heritage tourism attractions include the Jakarta Old Town and the royal Javanese courts of Yogyakarta , Surakarta and the Mangkunegaran. The Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report ranks Indonesia 42nd out of countries overall with a score of 4. It states that Indonesia has a strong visa policy and scored well on international openness ranked 2nd and 17th respectively.
The country also scores well on natural and cultural resources ranked 17th and 23rd respectively. However, Indonesia has a low score in infrastructure ranked 96th , as some aspects of tourist service infrastructure are underdeveloped.
The census recorded Indonesia's population as The population is unevenly spread throughout the islands within a variety of habitats and levels of development , ranging from the megalopolis of Jakarta to uncontacted tribes in Papua. Indonesia is a very ethnically diverse country, with around distinct native ethnic groups.
The Sundanese , Batak and Madurese are the largest non-Javanese groups. The country's official language is Indonesian , a variant of Malay based on its prestige dialect , which for centuries had been the lingua franca of the archipelago. It was promoted by nationalists in the s , and declared the official language under the name Bahasa Indonesia in Most Indonesians also speak at least one of more than local languages,  often as their first language.
Some belong to the Austronesian language family , while over Papuan languages are spoken in eastern Indonesia. In , Dutch and other Europeans Totok , Eurasians , and derivative people like the Indos , numbered , or 0. Despite the Dutch presence for almost years, the Dutch language has no official status  and the small minority that can speak the language fluently are either educated members of the oldest generation, or employed in the legal profession,  as certain law codes are still only available in Dutch.
While religious freedom is stipulated in the constitution,   the government officially recognises only six religions: Islam , Protestantism , Roman Catholicism , Hinduism , Buddhism , and Confucianism ;  although indigenous faiths are also recognised. Ten out of 15 national holidays in are related to religion.
Prior to the arrival of Hinduism, Buddhism and Abrahamic religions, the natives of the Indonesian archipelago practiced indigenous animism and dynamism , beliefs that are common to Austronesian people. They have had significant impact on how other faiths are practiced, evidenced by a large proportion of people—such as the Javanese abangan , Balinese Hindus , and Dayak Christians—practicing a less orthodox , syncretic form of their religion.
Hindu influences reached the archipelago as early as the first century CE. The archipelago has witnessed the rise and fall of powerful and influential Hindu and Buddhist empires such as Majapahit , Sailendra , Srivijaya and Mataram. Though no longer a majority, Hinduism and Buddhism remain defining influences in Indonesian culture. Islam was introduced to the archipelago by Sunni traders of the Shafi'i school of jurisprudence, as well as Sufi traders from the Indian subcontinent and southern Arabian peninsula.
Catholicism was brought to the archipelago by Portuguese traders and missionaries such as Jesuit Francis Xavier , who visited and baptised several thousand locals. In present-day Flores , the royal house of Larantuka formed the only native Catholic kingdom in Southeast Asia around 16th century, with the first king named Lorenzo. Education in Indonesia is compulsory for 12 years. Andalas University is pioneering the establishment of a leading university outside of Java. Government expenditure on healthcare is about 3.
In recent decades, health indicators have significantly improved such as rising life expectancy from 63 in to 71 in and declining child mortality from 84 deaths per 1, births in to 27 deaths in This has created a gap in wealth, unemployment rate, and health between densely populated islands and economic centres such as Sumatra and Java and sparsely populated, disadvantaged areas such as Maluku and Papua.
In , the Chinese Christian governor of Jakarta Basuki Tjahaja Purnama was sentenced to two years in prison after being found guilty of blasphemy. Cultural history of the Indonesian archipelago spans more than two millennia. Influences from the Indian subcontinent , mainland China , the Middle East , Europe ,   and the Austronesian peoples have historically shaped the cultural, linguistic and religious make-up of the archipelago.
As a result, modern-day Indonesia has a multicultural, multilingual and multi-ethnic society,   with complex cultural mixture that differs significantly from the original indigenous cultures. Indonesia currently holds 9 items of UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage , which include wayang puppet theatre , kris , batik , education and training on making Indonesian batik, angklung , saman dance , noken , and the three genres of traditional Balinese dance.
Indonesian arts include both age-old art forms developed through centuries, and a recently developed contemporary art.
The earliest evidence of Muslim population in the archipelago dates to the 13th century in northern Sumatra, although Muslim traders first traveled through Southeast Asia early in the Islamic era. Nature and culture are major attractions of Indonesian tourism. I am Gemini, cm 5' 4'' , 50 kg lbs. Also real people do meet in this way and genuinely live happy lives. Traditional dances, however, such as the Javanese , Sundanese , Minang , Balinese , Saman continue to be a living and dynamic traditions. Balinese dating site to become the best indonesian singles online personals site in love!
Despite often displaying local ingenuity, Indonesian arts have absorbed foreign influences—most notably from India , the Arab world , China and Europe , as a result of contacts and interactions facilitated, and often motivated, by trade. Megalithic sculpture has been discovered on several sites in Indonesia.
Between the 8th and 15th century, Javanese civilisation has developed a refined stone sculpting art and architecture which was influenced by Hindu-Buddhist Dharmic civilisation. The temples of Borobudur and Prambanan are among the most famous examples of the practice. As with the arts, Indonesian architecture has absorbed foreign influences that has brought cultural changes and profound effect on building styles and techniques. The most dominant influence has traditionally been Indian ; however, Chinese, Arab, and European influences have also been significant. Traditional carpentry, masonry, stone and woodwork techniques and decorations have thrived in vernacular architecture, with numbers of traditional houses' rumah adat styles have been developed.
The traditional houses and settlements of the numerous ethnic groups of Indonesia vary widely and have their own specific history. They are at the centre of a web of customs, social relations, traditional laws and religions that bind the villagers together. The music of Indonesia predates historical records. Various indigenous tribes incorporate chants and songs accompanied with musical instruments in their rituals.
Angklung , kacapi suling , siteran , gong , gamelan , degung , gong kebyar , bumbung , talempong , kulintang and sasando are examples of traditional Indonesian instruments. The diverse world of Indonesian music genres are the result of the musical creativity of its people, and subsequent cultural encounters with foreign influences. These include gambus and qasida from the Middle East,  keroncong from Portugal,  and dangdut —one of the most popular music genres in Indonesia—with notable Hindi influence as well as Malay orchestras.
Indonesian dances have a diverse history, with more than 3, original dances. Scholars believe that they have had their beginning in rituals and religious worship,  such as war dances, dance of witch doctors , and dance to call for rain or any agricultural-related rituals such as Hudoq. Indonesian dances derive its influences from the archipelago's three distinct historical eras: In recent times, modern dances are also showcased in show business, such as those that accompany music performances or entertainment.
Influenced by Western culture, urban teen dances such as street dances have gained popularity among the Indonesian youth. Traditional dances, however, such as the Javanese , Sundanese , Minang , Balinese , Saman continue to be a living and dynamic traditions. Indonesia has a variety style of clothing as a result from its long and rich cultural history.
Its national costume is derived from the indigenous culture of the country and traditional textile traditions. Since Java is the political, economic and cultural center of Indonesia, the Javanese Batik and Kebaya  are arguably Indonesia's most recognised national costume, although they originally belong not only to the Javanese, but also Sundanese and Balinese cultures as well. National costumes are worn during traditional weddings, formal ceremonies and music performances where attires of regional costumes are clearly visible ranging from traditional to modern attire, as well as on government and official occasions,  with the most visible display being those worn by diplomats, the President and the First Lady.
Wayang , the Javanese, Sundanese, and Balinese shadow puppet theatre display several mythological legends such as Ramayana and Mahabharata. It is usually performed for traditional ceremonies and festivals,   and based on semi-historical Minangkabau legends and love story. Notable theatre, dance, and drama troupe such as Teater Koma are popular in the country as it often portrays social and political satire of Indonesian society. The first domestically produced film in the archipelago was Loetoeng Kasaroeng , a silent film by Dutch director L.
After independence, the film industry expanded rapidly, with six films made in rising to 58 in Djamaluddin Malik 's Persari Film often emulated American genre films and the working practices of the Hollywood studio system, as well as remaking popular Indian films. Independent filmmaking was a rebirth of the film industry in the post-Suharto era , where films started addressing topics that were previously banned, such as religion, race, and love.
Jangkrik Boss Part 1 smashed box office records, becoming the most-watched Indonesian film with 6. It hands out the Citra Award , the film industry's most prestigious award. From to , the festival was held annually and then discontinued until it was later revived in Media freedom increased considerably after the fall of New Order, during which the Ministry of Information monitored and controlled domestic media, and restricted foreign media.
By early 21st century, the improved communications system had brought television signals to every village and people can choose from up to 11 channels. The number of printed publications has increased significantly since Like other developing countries, Indonesia began the development of Internet in the early s.
Its first commercial Internet service provider , PT. Indo Internet, began operation in Jakarta in The majority of Internet users are between the ages of 18 and 25, with an average usage of 4. The oldest evidence of writing in the Indonesian archipelago is a series of Sanskrit inscriptions dated to the 5th century. Many of Indonesia's peoples have strongly rooted oral traditions , which help to define and preserve their cultural identities.
Early modern Indonesian literature originates in Sumatran tradition. It adopted Malay as the preferred common medium for Indonesia. Important figures in modern Indonesian literature include: Dutch author Multatuli , who criticised treatment of natives under Dutch colonial rule; Sumatrans Mohammad Yamin and Hamka , who were influential pre-independence nationalist writers and politicians;  and proletarian writer Pramoedya Ananta Toer , Indonesia's most famous novelist.
Indonesian cuisine is one of the most diverse, vibrant and colourful in the world, full of intense flavour. Spices notably chili , coconut milk , fish and chicken are fundamental ingredients. Some popular dishes such as nasi goreng , gado-gado , sate , and soto are very common in the country and considered as national dishes. The Ministry of Tourism, however, chose tumpeng as the official national dish in , describing it as binding the diversity of various culinary traditions.
Sports are generally male-oriented and spectators are often associated with illegal gambling. Indonesian badminton players have won the Thomas Cup the world team championship of men's badminton 13 times since it was held in , as well as numerous Olympic medals since the sport gained full Olympic status in Indonesian women have won the Uber Cup , the female equivalent of the Thomas Cup, 3 times, in , and Liga 1 is the country's premier football club league.
Indonesia's first appearance in the AFC Asian Cup was in , and successfully qualified for the next three tournaments. They, however, failed to progress through the next stage in all occasions. Another popular sports include boxing and basketball , which has a long history in Indonesia and was part of the first National Games Pekan Olahraga Nasional , PON in In areas with a history of tribal warfare, mock fighting contests are held, such as caci in Flores and pasola in Sumba. Pencak Silat is an Indonesian martial art and in , became one of the sporting events in Southeast Asian Games , with Indonesia appearing as one of the leading forces.
In Southeast Asia, Indonesia is one of the major sport powerhouses by winning the Southeast Asian Games 10 times since , most recently in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Republic in Southeast Asia. Fauna of Indonesia and Flora of Indonesia. Species endemic to Indonesia. Rafflesia arnoldii , orangutan , greater bird-of-paradise , and Komodo dragon. List of political parties in Indonesia and Elections in Indonesia. Joko Widodo 7th President of Indonesia. Jusuf Kalla 10th and 12th Vice President of Indonesia.